A Typical Day at a Waldorf High School as It Should Be according to My Opinion

I have to admit that my conception comes from combining the desuggestopedy of Losanov and the waldorf pedagogy. What is the desuggestopedy of Losanov and how does it funcion? Here a small explanation:
– frees the students and makes them happy in the process of learning
– thus it is possible to achieve at about four-five times more for the same amount of time
– uses a combination of music, arts, teather, teacher’s deep observations and smartly set pauses (according to the golden ratio and the student’s condition) in the learning process
– starts with the big scope, with the overall picture, then moves to the specific details and at the end goes back to the overall picture
– no homeworks, less working hours than normally
– successfully implemented in several primary schools
– very appropriate for language learning and arithmetics
– Unesco researches said that desuggestopedy is one of the best pedagogy methods known

I had the pleasure to take my german and english language lesson according this system. Learning about 150-200 new words a day and about 1000-1200 a week was the norm. I also learned to speak very fast.

What I’m using from the dessugestopedy is mostly the process of making the student free and happy, so their internal motivation can appear. Also always giving the big scope first and them going to the details. Thus the students know what and why we are learning. Giving no homeworks and less hours of presence pushes the freedom and creativity of the students to a much higher levels. Combining all those with the great waldorf pedagogy delivers much better results. In the future I’m looking forward to also implement the teachings of Master Beinsa Douno (Petar Dunov) in my lessons. Steiner’s teachings and waldorf pedagogy are of great importance for our current cultural era of consciousness. He is also making the connection with the next cultural era of the heart. And Dunov is giving in his lectures the pedagogy for this era. This pedagogy we still have to extract from his teachings.

So, after this introduction, I’m giving the conception for a typical high school day:
– school starts at 8:30
– the first two hours (8:30 until 10:00) are the rhythmic part of the day. It can be arts, music, singing, dancing, theater or a combination of all that like in eurythmy and paneurythmy. But it must synchronise the students and work for their good start in the day. This is the lesson for the heart, for the feelings, for the love.
– the whole class stays together within this first two hours.
– from 10:00 until 10:30 there is a break.
– from 10:30 until 12:00 we have the second part. This time we have to hours which concentrate on the development of the wisdom and thinking. Here we have the science lesson. My vision is that some day we will have an integral science course and not many different weakly or not connected at all subjects. So we can call this the integral science block. We may start with the human body, then derive the mathematics, after than going through the motion to physics, then to chemisty and so on.
At the same time it is the language block. Sciences can be taught in one or two different foreign languages. The high school students of a waldorf school should already have the needed knowledge in the learned languages and can practice them freely. In my experience in turned out to make the lessons much more lively.
– in this class it is important to mix the grades according to the personal level of knowledge and development.
– from 12:00 until 13:00 there will be time to work for the body and the will. It can be sports, handicrafts or some other kind of motions or work with the legs and arms. It can of course vary from Monday to Thursday. There can be also different groups according the different interests. This block is very important for the social behaviour. It is most crucial that the students use most of their energy, so they can free their heads after the science lesson and become hungry for a good lunch. Here we can also start with some kind of more or less creative activities. This we are ready for the second part of the day.
– from 13:00 – 14:00 – lunch in the school. Why not preparing it sometimes together?
– the afternoon is completely free. No compulsory lessons. Though there should be a wide range of possibilites for those who have special interests or needs. That is also the time for working in teams or giving individual lessons.
– the free afternoon gives the possibility to explore in-depth the personal interests, be creative and find out more about the personal dreams and impulses which will mount later on in a personal mission.
– this should be the free time which makes the school the center of the community (activities also with parents and other members of the community). This is also the time for entrepreneurship and practical use of the material learned.

This was the plan for the students. The plan for the teacher is according to the student’s one. I’m giving a possible day for a science teacher:
– it’s up to him if (s)he will attend the rhythmic part, but it is highly recommended
– science lesson
– optionaly taking part in the sport block
– lunch in the school community
– individual work with students
– providing help to different practical working groups or having some practical extra-curriculum lessons
– working with the class teachers in order to enhance the curriculum and the material taught in the first eight grades.
– time for further education
– giving some seminars, workshops or other events for parents or community members

At best Friday should be a day for activities outside of the school or activities with guest at the school. This can be the so called experience-based learning day.

More about the different types of intelligence and in which areas the school has to provide a proper education you can find at my blog.

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Official Waldorf High School Curriculum in Maths

In mathematics I can give you a more detailed overview about the ‘official’ waldorf curriculum:

9th grade:
– conic sections
– locus
– nines and elevens check
– equations
– combinatorics
– probabilities

10th grade:

– trigonometry
– sequences
– arithmetic mean
– potents
– logarithms
– exponential equations
– continued fraction expansion
– field measuring

11th grade:
– analytical geometry
– projective geometry
– sphere geometry
– sphere trigonometry
– sequences and limits

12th grade:
– infinitesimal calculus
– differencial calculus
– integral calculus

13th grade:
– diploma and other exams preparation according to the different federal laws for state schools

But to me honest – most of the schools never manage to introduce the notions planed for the 11th and 12th grade. On the other side often there are very less real waldorf lecture in maths after the 10th grade. And the diploma or other exams preparation starts too early.

However I’m not quite happy with this programme as well as with the bad results in the practice. As a graduate from the best bulgarian school in mathematics, I know that a much more is possible, especially if you use the waldorf pedagogy methods which are much better. As we can see from the work of Rudolf Steiner he was quite disappointed with the mathematics education. The vision of Steiner was to be at least at the level of the best russian mathematical and technical schools which means approximatelly covering the first two university years! I’m sure that this is achievable! But in order to really make it happen, the high school teachers in mathematics have to work very closely with the class teacher from the first to the eight grade. That is of even more important than the high school lessons! Why? Because it secures the quality (and also the quantity) of the waldorf maths lessons from the beginning. Of course the sam should be in all other subject, especially the natural sciences and the technical subjects.

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Waldorf Pedagogy and Anthroposophical Resources

Resources for self-learning in waldorf pedagogy and anthroposophy:

The following readings give you the overall notion of what is waldorf pedagogics about.

  • Books from Rufolf Steiner about Pedagogics and Teaching (GA 293-311):

– GA 293 Common Anthropology
– GA 294 Educational Art – Methodic-Didactic
– GA 295 Educational Art. Seminar Discussions and Curriculum Lectures
– GA 296 The Educational Question as a Social Question
– GA 297 Idea and Practice of the Waldorf School
– GA 297a Education for Life
– GA 298 Rudolf Steiner at the Waldorf School
– GA 299 Observation of the Language from Humanitarian Point of View
– GA 300a Conferences with the Teachers I
– GA 300b Conferences with the Teachers II
– GA 300c Conferences with the Teachers III
– GA 301 The Renewal of the Pedagogic-Didactic Art by the Humanities
– GA 302 Human Insights and Organization of the Classes
– GA 302a Pedagogics and Teaching as a Human Insight
– GA 303 The Healthy Development of the Human Being
– GA 304 Pedagogics and Teaching Methods on the Anthroposophic Base
– GA 304a Anthroposophic Anthropology and Pedagogics
– GA 305 The Spiritual-Psychic Base-Forces of the Pedagogic Art
– GA 306 The Pedagogic Practice from the View Point of Humanitarian Human Insight
– GA 307 Modern Spiritual Life and Pedagogics
– GA 308 The Methodology of Teaching and the General Living Conditions of Pedagogics
– GA 309 Anthroposophic Pedagogics and Its Requirements
– GA 310 The Pedagogical Value of the Human Insight and the Cultural Value of the Pedagogics
– GA 311 The Art of Pedagogics from the Determination of the Human Being
– Waldorf School Today, Peter Loebell

The following readings are very important for mathematics and natural science teachers.

  • Books from Rufolf Steiner about Natural Sciences (GA 320-327):

– GA 320 I. Course in Natural Sciences – Heat
– GA 321 II. Course in Natural Sciences – Heat
– GA 322 Boundaries of the Nature Insight and How to Overcome Them
– GA 323 III. Course in Natural Sciences
– GA 324 Nature Observation, Experiments, Mathematics and the Insight Steps of the Spirit Research
– GA 324a The Forth Dimension – Mathematics and Reality
– GA 325 Natural Sciences and the Historical Development of Humanity since Antiquity
– GA 326 The Genesis of the Natural Sciences and Their Development
– GA 327 The Humanitarian Foundations for Thriving of Agriculture
– Rudolf Steiner about Mathematics 1 and 2

The following readings are important for mathematics and natural science teacher who want to obtain an in-depth understanding of phenomenology and the future way of doing science. There are many books in this area. Here there are only some good examples worth to read.

  • Goethe’s Colour Theory and Books about the Science Mathodology of Goethe:

– Goethe’s Colour Theory – Didactic Part with Notes from Rudolf Steiner
– Goethe’s Natural Science Methodology, Henri Bortoft
– Goethean Science, Rudolf Steiner GA 1
– The Story of My Life, Rudolf Steiner GA 28

The following readings are of special interest for mathematics and physics teachers. I highly recommend the books of those anthroposophic scientists and experienced teachers who worked in and after the time of Rudolf Steiner.

  • Books from Hermann von Baravalle:

– Physics as a Pure Phenomenology Part I – Mechanics, Motions, Forces, Solids, Fluids and Gases
– Physics as a Pure Phenomenology Part II – Heat and Cold; Magnetism and Electricity
– Physics as a Pure Phenomenology Part III – Acoustics and Optics
– Geometry and Body Motion
– Descriptive Geometry according to the Dynamic Method
– Geometry as a Language of the Forms
– Appearance on the Night Sky
– Perspective
– The Geometry of the Pentagramm and the Golden Ratio

  • Books from Ernst Bindel:

– Number Foundations of Music through the Ages
– Johannes Kepler
– Logarithms for Everyone
– Cone Intersections
– The Egypt Pyramids as Witnesses of the Old Mystery World
– The Spiritual Foundations of Numbers
– Pythagoras

I will recommend the following reading for the overall understanding of anthroposophy and natural sciences. These are very good for people who have the vision to unity all sciences in a single world science.

  • Books from Walther Bühler:

– The Pentagramm and the Golden Ratio as Creation Principles
– Meditation as a Insight Way
– Polar Lights, Lightning and Rainbow
– The Dimension of the Rainbow
– The Human Being between Over- and Under- Nature
– The Sun as a World Heart

  • Other Natural Science Books:

– The Four Elements, Georg Kniebe
– The Light Catcher, Arthur Zajonc
– The Nature of Water, Viktor Schauberger
– Astronomy, Cosmology, Evolution, Thomas Schmidt
– The Brightness from Kopenhagen, Jos Verhulst
– The new physics and cosmology, Dialogues with Dalai Lama, Arthur Zajonc
– Halos, Rainbows, Twilight, Johannes Kühl
– The Mystery of the Number, Dieter Buchholz
– The Human Face, Max Picard
– Insight of the Spirit on the Matter, Martin Basfeld
– What is time, Georg Kniebe

  • Especially important for biology are the books and articles from Wolfgang Schad and Markus Sommer:

– Medical Plants, Marcus Sommer
– General Biology, Wolfgang Schad
– Botany, Wolfgang Schad
– Zoology, Wolfgang Schad
– Anthropology, Wolfgang Schad
– Ecology, Wolfgang Schad
– Prenatal Life of Humans, Wolfgang Schad
– Goethe’s World Culture, Wolfgang Schad
– Mammals and Humans, Wolfgang Schad
– Evolution as an Understanding Principle, Wolfgang Schad
– Humans and Landscapes of Africa, Wolfgang Schad
– The Sexuality of Humans, Wolfgang Schad

  • Also following the German anthroposophic and waldorf magazines:

A tempo
Erziehungskunst
Info 3

There are also some new books in german about science in waldorf education from Waldorf Book, but I can’t really recommend them. Interesting books about anthroposophy can be found in Verlag Freies Geistesleben.

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